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Making comparisons with adjectives and adverbs

In these sentences, you do not need the 'que' after, depending on what you wish to say.
You can use adverbs like the adjectives in the following table:
French Meaning Examples
plus + adjective + que more ... than Elle est plus jeune = she is younger
Elle est plus jeune que moi = she is younger than me
plus de + noun + que
plus de + quantitiy + que
Vous avez plus de connaissance que moi = you have more knowledge than me
Je pense qu'il a plus de trente ans = I think that he's over thirty

il n'a plus d'argent = he hasn't got any more money
il n'y a plus que miettes = there are only crumbs left (in the sense of "there is not anything more than crumbs")
j'aime le tennis plus que tout au monde = I like tennis more than anything else in the world
moins + adjective + que less ... than  
moins de + noun + que
moins de + quantity + que
aussi + adjective + queas ... asMon fils était aussi content que ma fille = My son was as happy as my daughter
autant de + noun + queil a autant de force que son frère = he has as much strength as his brother
pas aussi ... que
pas si ... que (used mainly in a negative sentence)
not as ... asMon fils n'était pas (aus)si content que ma fille = My son was not as happy as my daughter
si / tellement ... queso ... thatThis use of 'si' in this instance is the same use as translating 'so' e.g. c'est si grand = it's so big
assez + adjective + pour
assez de + noun
enough ... toC'est assez grand pour boucher le trou = It's big enough to block the hole

trop + adjective + pourtoo ... to
too ... for
C'est trop grand pour boucher le trou = It's too big to block the hole
Ce pantalon est trop grand pour moi = these trousers are too big for me
de plus en plusmore and moreIl a de plus en plus d'argent = he has more and more money
de moins en moinsless and less

By ...
Use 'de' in comparisons or with a superlative to express 'by':
Il est de beaucoup le plus intelligent = He is by far the most intelligent


To form the most ... or the least ... is quite easy for most words. You put le / la / les plus for the most ... and le / la / les moins ... for the least ...
Le jeu le plus difficile = the most difficult game
C'est le sport le plus difficile
Les patins les moins chers = the least expensive skates

With my, your, his etc, there are two ways to say something like this:
Mon désir le plus cher est d'aller à New York en avion
Mon plus cher désir est de à New York en avion
} My dearest wish is to fly to New York
-notice that you do not use le or la either when plus / moins is in front of the object:
ma plus légère veste = my lightest jacket

Superlative + de
When you use 'de' after a superlative, it often means 'in'
Le meilleur magasin de Paris = the best shop in Paris
Le meilleur magasin du monde = the best shop in the world

Superlative + subjunctive
If a clause (a smaller sentence in a larger one) follows a superlative, use the subjunctive:
Vous êtes la personne la plus intelligente que je connaisse = you are the cleverest person I know

Irregular forms - you can use 'la' and change the word to feminine, like any other adjective
Adjective comparing the best / worst
bon (good) meilleur (better) le meilleur (best) - la meilleure qualité = the best quality
mauvais (bad) plus mauvais le plus mauvais (the worst)
mauvais (bad)pirele pire (these pire words aren't common but they are used in certain phrases)
petit (physically small)plus petitle plus petit
petit (less importance)moindrele moindre (the least)
Do not get meilleur mixed up with mieux. If the word describes a thing or person, use meilleur, otherwise use mieux (mieux describes verbs).
Mieux can be used as an adverb. This is why mieux is used with aimer mieux = to prefer BUT it can also be an adjective.
It is confusing though when you see something like "mon ami est mieux sans moustache = my friend looks better without a moustache" but if you think about it, 'bien' can be used as an adjective or adverb. It may help you to think of whether you would use 'bon' or 'bien', then decide between 'meilleur' or 'mieux'.


These comparisons are used in a similar way to adjectives:
Je peux skier plus vite = I can ski more quickly

Irregular forms
Adverb comparing the best / worst
beaucoup (much) plus le plus (the most)
bien (well) mieux le mieux (the best)
malpis / plus malle pis / plus mal (the worst)
peu (little)moinsle moins (the least)
Les patins les mieux faits = the best made skates
Il va le faire le mieux qu'il peut = He is going to do it as best he can

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